We need to reflect that there room three different ways through which an independency might hereafter it is in effected, and that one of those 3 will, at some point or other, it is in the fate of America, viz., by the legal voice of the people in congress, through a military power, or through a mob. It may not constantly happen the our soldiers are citizens and also the multitude a human body of reasonable men; virtue is not hereditary, no is it perpetual. Have to an independency it is in brought about by the first of those means, we have every opportunity and also every encouragement before us to type the noblest, pure constitution top top the confront of the earth. We have it in our power to begin the world over again. A situation, similar to the present, hath no happened because the work of Noah until now. The date of birth of a brand-new world is at hand, and also a race of men, maybe as countless as all Europe contains, space to obtain their part of flexibility from the occasions of a couple of months. The reflection is awful—and in this allude of view, exactly how trifling, just how ridiculous perform the small paltry cavilings the a few weak or interested men appear when weighed against the organization of a world.

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Should we ignore the existing favorable and also inviting period and self-reliance be hereafter effected by any type of other means, we need to charge the repercussion to ourself or to those, rather, whose narrow and prejudiced souls are habitually opposing the measure without one of two people inquiring or reflecting. Us ought not now to be debating whether us shall be independent or not, yet anxious to attain it on a firm, secure, and also honorable basis—and uneasy, rather, the it is not yet started upon. Every day convinces us of the necessity. Also the Tories (if together beings however remain amongst us) should, of all men, it is in the many solicitous to encourage it, for, as the appointment of committees at an initial protected them from famous rage, therefore a wise and well-established type of federal government will be the only certain means of continuing it securely come them. Wherefore, if they have actually not virtue sufficient to be Whigs, they ought to have prudence sufficient to wish for independence.

In short, freedom is the just bond that ties and keeps us together. Us shall then watch our object, and our ears will certainly be legitimate shut against the schemes of one intriguing, as well as cruel, enemy. Us shall then, too, be on a proper footing to treat with Britain, because that there is factor to conclude the the proud of the court will certainly be less hurt by treating with the American claims for regards to peace, than through those who she denominates “rebellious subjects,” for regards to accommodation. It is our delaying that that encourages her come hope because that conquest, and also our backwardness tends just to expand the war. As we have, without any good effect therefrom, withheld our profession to acquire a redress of our grievances, let us now shot the alternative, by independently redressing lock ourselves, and also then providing to open up the trade. The mercantile and also reasonable component of England will certainly be still with us, since peace v trade is preferable to battle without it. 

On these grounds I remainder the matter. And also as no sell hath yet been made to refute the doctrine consisted of in the previous editions of this pamphlet, it is a an adverse proof that either the doctrine cannot be refuted, or that the party in favor of it space too plenty of to be opposed. Wherefore, rather of gazing in ~ each various other with suspiciously or hesitant curiosity, let each of us host out come his neighbor the hearty hand that friendship and also unite in drawing a line, which, like an act of oblivion, shall ask in forgetfulness every previous dissension. Let the name of Whig and also Tory it is in extinct, and also let none other be heard among us than those the a an excellent citizen, an open and also resolute friend, and a virtuous supporter of the rights that mankind and of the free and also independent claims of America.

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From Common Sense. Born to a Quaker father and also an Anglican mommy in England in 1737, Paine in 1774 met Benjamin Franklin, who encouraged the twice-divorced and recently dismissed officer of the excise to relocate to America. Nine months after the fight of Concord and also Lexington, Paine published this fifty-page pamphlet, marketing 500,000 copies within a matter of months. He published his defense the the French Revolution, Rights of Man, in two parts in between 1791 and also 1792.