* * * * * /usr/bin/mysqldump -h localhost -u source -p source mydb | gzip > /var/backup/all/database_`date +%Y-%m-%d`.sql.gz >/dev/null 2>&1when the crontab operation there is no backup document in the folder (my backup/all has the permission plan 755).

This is error from /var/log/syslog

Aug 16 11:55:01 precise64 CRON<2213>: (vagrant) CMD (/usr/bin/mysqldump -h localhost -u source -p source mydb | gzip > /var/backup/all/database_`date +%Y-%m-%d`.sql.gz >/dev/null 2>&1)Aug 16 11:55:01 precise64 CRON<2212>: (CRON) details (No MTA installed, discarding output)So i think

it"s around crontab can"t produce backup document because the Permission denied.it"s around I"m didn"t install MTA yet I usage >/dev/null 2>&1 to disable crontab to sent it to email why that error ?
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edited Aug 21 "14 at 11:58

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Kanin PeanviriyakulkitKanin Peanviriyakulkit
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Of course, the error is that you don"t have a mailer (sendmail,postfix, etc) implemented and active.

That being claimed your other difficulty is that the >/dev/null 2>&1 just only applies/associates come the critical command in this instance gzip. Thus there need to be some form of output going to STDERR for your mysqldump.

You are watching: Cron info no mta installed discarding output

The correct method to carry out what ns think you desire is:

* * * * * (command | command ) >/dev/null 2>&1
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reply Aug 16 "14 at 18:20


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You deserve to put:

MAILTO=""at the beginning of your crontab record and the will protect against it native trying to send email.

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answered may 21 "16 in ~ 3:30

Michael ElkevizthMichael Elkevizth
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If the user to run the crontab command is vagrant, and also the brochure where the calculation is written to is own by root, and has permissions 755, it deserve to not be composed to.sudo chown vagrant /var/backup/allmay fix that.

To inspect whether that"s the problem, shot writing to a file in /tmp instead.

But over there is one more problem: A command likemysqldump mydb | gzip > database.sql.gz >/dev/null 2>&1writes the database dump come database.sql.gz and also to /dev/null.The 2>&1 duplicates the error message to the standart output, that means it likewise writes the error messages to database.sql.gz. That writes error message text just some where in between the compressed data, for this reason the compressed document will it is in broken. Note it may work fine when testing - together the difficulty only occurs when something is written to the typical error stream. The calculation to stderr may be just a warning, while whatever else works.

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I i think you intend to compose the compressed database dump come the sql.gz file, and also the errors to /dev/null. For this, simply keep the output streams separate, by not copying the error stream come the calculation stream. And direct them come the files like this:

mysqldump mydb | gzip > /var/backup/all/database_`date +%Y-%m-%d`.sql.gz 2>/dev/nullThe error message "(No MTA installed, discarding output)" is cron informing you the it deserve to not send friend the error output. That will certainly be no difficulty in the finish as you redirect errors to /dev/null anyway, there will be nothing come send. Yet I doubt that right now there are error message to send, that need to confirm my result above.